Friday, 30 March 2012

The Effects of Schools on Adolescent Development

Among all social contexts school shows the greatest variability in different countries. It has been shown that the transition from small neighborhood elementary schools to bigger, anonymous secondary schools may hinder the adolescent development. The school success decreases with each transfer in comparison to peers without such
changes. The negative effect is stronger with earlier and multiple transfers.

The research shows that such transfers include the restriction of choice, less participation in decision making, less group work, less positive contacts with teachers and more evaluation. Several studies have identified the practice and conditions that ensure better school outcomes in adolescents: unperturbed social environment, high interest in learning and inclusion, great emphasis on school work, lower differences between students. The feeling of anonymity seems tobe very harmful.

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